RISK MANAGEMENT (RM)
Managing the natural risks related to the environment we are living has since always been one of the focus points of Human Society. These can be related to atmospheric conditions, flora and fauna, and the landscape itself, all obviously strongly related, and they can be connected to our housing, energy and food supply, and any other condition that affects the quality of lives. A challenge is to identify, manage, and mitigate the influence of human activities on these natural causes and events, and Geoscientists and Engineers are the focus points when it comes to the risk management related to the landscape, which may involve direct hazards such as earthquakes, volcanism, landslides, and floods, or indirect risks due to the impact of atmospheric and biological factors on agriculture and other activities.
We distinguish the following focus Sectors in the Realm of Risk Management:
Sector RM.1 – Subsidence and Seismicity Monitoring (Natural, Fracking, CCS, HC Production)
Sector RM.2 – Landscape Hazard Mapping (Floods, Landslides)
Sector RM.3 – Seismic Hazard Mapping (Earthquakes, Volcanic Activity, Tsunami)
An example of Landscape and Environment related Risk. From: University of Pavia (2021).
The following type of Projects and Activities are especially involved in the Realm of Risk Management:
- Territorial Management – Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
- Drone Site Surveys (UAV; Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) – 3dmodeling
- Micro seismicity studies and monitoring
- Earthquake analyses and Modelling
- Remote Sensing Acquisition, Elaboration and Interpretations including InSAR
- Terrain Subsidence-Uplift Studies
- Analyses and Modelling of Faulted and Fractured Rocks
- Geological Field Work s.l.
- Core Studies, Conventional and Special, Geomechanics
- Magnetotelluric (MT) studies
- Grav-Mag Acquisition and Modelling
- Civil Engineering Planning, Construction and Management
To examine all the Tasks involved in this Sector, the OCRE Geoscience Services GEG List and CATALOGUE can be consulted.